What is Shirkys main argument? What does he believe in?
Society adapts to new technologies in social media. Communication, Publishing, and forming groups shifts from the standard oversight of higher-archy management- effecting large institutions to small groups of individuals. Establishing mass-ameturization as an effective tool for companies success. Shirky believes that modern day society is ever changed by these new technological tools. Forming and making of groups is inexpensive and easy to do.
– Pg. 161. “A group having some illegal purpose is more dangerous then an individual who has the same purpose.” – Shirky provides an example of the effectiveness of groups. Give those groups these new technological tools and there effectiveness doubles or even triples with the ability to blog, message, coordinate, communicate quickly and affordably.
– Pg. 170. “Another advantage of blogs over traditional media outlets is that no one can found a newspaper on a moments notice.” – Blogs can be published instantaneously allowing for news to spread worldwide in a moments notice. For example the earth quakes in China had taken place and it was viral on the internet before the quakes had even stopped.
Shirky believes that society is ever changing and adapting to modern technological tools effecting large companies like ford and GE all the way down to the “Mass- Amateurization” with smaller companies success deriving from simple edits and posts by the average people.
How do the articles on the arab Spring uprising relate to Shirkys discussion? What do they add?
Foetus and Waterman where two secretive organizations that used social media technological tools to remain in hiding as well as form protest and communicate with large amount of followers and supports they had.
This relates to Shirky’s ideas by how they used Facebook and Twitter as an inexpensive outlet or “tools” to build there group larger and disband information and updates quickly and effectively to there large amount of followers.
“Inevitably, the rapidly changing landscape of media technology, from satellite TV and cell phones to You tube and Facebook, is adding and new dynamic to the calculus of power between the generations.” – The growth of technology gives a advantage to protestors groups. There is no other way for them to meet and exchange ideas without being disbanded by there corrupt government.
Graffiti on walls in Cairo shows how the society there was appreciative of their opportunity to use social media tools. The wall says : “Thanks to the people! thanks Facebook!” – displaying how everyone realized how big of a part Facebook played in the success of the protestors.
What is Morozov’s argument in his article? How does he confront or critique Shirky?
Morozov argues that social media tools are simply, “tools” and “Social change continues to involve many painstaking, longer term efforts engage with political institutions and reform movements.”
“Will history consign Twitter and Facebook to much the same fate 20 years down the road? in all likelihood, yes.” Morozov answers this questions with 3 ideas.
1st:”Liberating role of the tools an downplaying the role of human agency.”
2nd: “History of technology strongly suggests that facebook and Twitter will fade as the online audiences migrate to new services.” Similar to how myspace is a thing of the past.
3rd: “Possibly Wael Ghonim is to excited to provide a balanced view and slightly overstating the role of technology, while down playing his role in the lead up to the protest.”
Morozov does agree with Shirky when he states that significant events in past years used technology to help there outcomes. Such as Radio free Europe and the taking down of the Berlin wall.
What article I found in a summary.
Don Trapscott: Social Media Can help build Arab Governments to.
Social media in the Arab world proved that it can topple regimes, but can it rebuild governments? Many people in arab nations are still not online or “in-the-dark.”
Author recommends a “digital brainstorm” for Arab countries to take part in and attempt to come to an agreement on a new form of government. Where 4-5 scholars of politics speaking arabic present other styles of governments to the people. Using the US, Great Britain, Turkey, france and they’re old style they had just over thrown as examples.